The use of buffers is an important concept in acid-base chemistry. Here's a look at what buffers are and how they function. There are two key terms associated with buffers. A buffer is an aqueous solution that has a highly stable pH. A buffering agent is a weak acid or weak base that helps maintain the pH of an aqueous solution after adding another acid or base. If you add an acid or a base to a buffered solution, its pH will not change significantly.
Read and write files byte by byte
I've been writing ring buffers wrong all these years
So there I was, implementing a one element ring buffer. Which, I'm sure you'll agree, is a perfectly reasonable data structure. It was just surprisingly annoying to write, due to reasons we'll get to in a bit. After giving it a bit of thought, I realized I'd always been writing ring buffers "wrong", and there was a better way. One is to use an array as the backing storage plus two indices to the array; read and write.
What Are Buffers and What Do They Do?
This tutorial provides a basic Kotlin programmer's introduction to working with protocol buffers, using the proto3 version of the protocol buffers language. By walking through creating a simple example application, it shows you how to Define message formats in a. Use the protocol buffer compiler. Use the Kotlin protocol buffer API to write and read messages. This isn't a comprehensive guide to using protocol buffers in Kotlin.
Certain objects available in Python wrap access to an underlying memory array or buffer. Such objects include the built-in bytes and bytearray , and some extension types like array. Third-party libraries may define their own types for special purposes, such as image processing or numeric analysis.