Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which the individual has high blood glucose levels as a result of the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin, or as a result of the cells in the body not responding to the insulin produced. The aim of this documentation is to outline the normal regulation of blood glucose levels in the body which includes the role of the hormone producing alpha cells and beta cells in regulating these levels, and the effect that the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus type one has on this regulation. This documentation further outlines the three main presenting symptoms of diabetes mellitus type one, polyuria, which is characterised by excess urination, polydipsia, which is characterised by extreme thirst, and polyphagia, which is associated with extreme hunger. A further insight is given relating to these symptoms, explaining the metabolic processes behind them. Associated symptoms relating to diabetes mellitus type one are also covered, these include feelings of weakness or fatigue, numbness and tingling of the extremities and a compromised immune system which results in slow healing wounds and injuries.
Type 2 Diabetes Linked to Common Virus
Type 2 Diabetes Linked to Cytomegalovirus | Live Science
These pages are best viewed with Netscape version 3. When viewed with other browsers, some characters or attributes may not be rendered correctly. Presentation A year-old woman with obesity and a 9year history of type 2 diabetes presents with complaints of fatigue, difficulty losing weight, and no motivation. She denies polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia, blurred vision, or vaginal infections. She notes a marked decrease in her energy level, particularly in the afternoons. She is tearful and states that she was diagnosed with depression and prescribed an antidepressant that she chose not to take.
How a Virus Can Trigger Diabetes
Infection with a common virus may increase the risk of Type 2 diabetes in older adults, a new study from the Netherlands suggests. In the study, adults ages 85 and over who were infected with cytomegalovirus were about twice as likely to have Type 2 diabetes compared with those not infected. Cytomegalovirus is a type of herpes virus found in 50 to 80 percent of adults over age 40; most people experience no symptoms of the infection. The findings suggest that cytomegalovirus infection plays a role in the development of Type 2 diabetes in the elderly, the researchers said.
According to many observations, certain virus infections may play a part in the autoimmune attack that leads to type 1 diabetes. The study is published 6 May in the scientific journal Science Advances. While an estimated 50, Swedes and 50, Finns live with type 1 diabetes sometimes known as juvenile diabetes the causes of the disease remain unknown.